Health facilities, hygiene and disease risks vary worldwide. You should take professional health advice about your specific needs as early as possible.
For more specific enquiries, please refer to the Foreign and Commonwealth Travel Advice Unit for the most up-to-date information. You can do this by visiting: www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice then selecting the destination you require and finally clicking on ‘health’.
You should start thinking about whether you need any vaccinations around four to six weeks before you travel, because some vaccines and antimalarial tablets need time to take full effect. The National Travel Health Network and Centre has a useful interactive map where you can search for the latest travel health advice by country (it may take a little while to load). Many UK GP surgeries also offer a travel clinic where you can book any vaccinations and ask your doctor whether any other medical treatment is required before you go. Please note there may be a fee for vaccinations.
Health Insurance Card (EHIC):
If you are visiting a European Union (EU) country you can apply for a free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) and take it with you when you travel. You can obtain an application form from a main Post Office or you can apply online. There are various website which you can use to apply for a EHIC card and examples are:- www.gov.uk and www.nhs.uk. To view the NHS site, please click here:- http://www.nhs.uk/ehic
Please note the EHIC is in addition to Travel Insurance and not instead of it.