As the birthplace of the Renaissance, Florence is a treasure trove of painting and sculpture. Brimming with culture, its entire city centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Art lovers aren't the only ones happy here; shoppers revel in local jewellery and leather, while foodies indulge in Tuscan cuisine and wine.
Florence experiences a continental climate with four distinct seasons.
Florence Airport (FLR), also called Amerigo Vespucci Airport, is approximately 4 km northwest of the city centre.
Simply walking around the historical centre will give you a sense of centuries past. One of the best places to visit in Florence is Italy's largest museum, the Uffizi Gallery, where masterworks of world-famous artists are gathered.
The country's master artists can be seen in all the best places in Florence. The Accademia houses Michelangelo's David, the world's most famous sculpture. Raphael's work is displayed in the Uffizi and Palazzo Pitti. The Leonardo Da Vinci Museum reconstructs some of his famous designs, and the Bargello Museum showcases the work of the great sculptor Donatello.
History lovers: Immerse yourself in centuries of heritage packed into one place.
Foodies: Some say ice cream was invented here. Whatever the case, Florentines have perfected gelato!
Culture hounds: Step inside the many cathedrals and museums to gaze on seminal paintings and sculptures.
Language: The language spoken in Florence is Italian.
Currency: The currency used in Florence is the Euro (EUR).
Local time: Florence is one hour ahead of GMT/UK time.
Fly to: Florence Airport (FLR), also called Amerigo Vespucci Airport, is approximately 4 km northwest of the city centre.
Flight time from UK: 2 hours 15 mins.
Tourist information: Further Florence tourist information can be found at http://en.firenzeturismo.it/florence-tourist-information.html.
Visa & health: Before your holiday to Florence, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/italy for recommendations and advice on visas and health.
Spring is a beautiful time to explore the city’s cultural attractions. The weather starts to warm up around April and temperatures have typically reached a balmy 18 (°C) by the end of the season. For the highest temperatures, come in summer or early autumn when you can enjoy highs of 31 (°C) and up to 13 hours of sunshine a day. Or experience the Christmas markets on a winter holiday in Florence, but remember to bring a jacket as temperatures typically hover around 7 (°C) throughout the season.
By foot: The city centre is relatively small, and walking between tourist attractions is easy.
By bus: Give your feet a rest on electric buses and trams that link key places in the historical centre. Public buses also run frequently to nearby Fiesole and sport venues.
By taxi: White taxis can be found at taxi stands in many city squares and outside the train station. You can't hail a cab on the street, but you can request one in advance by phone.
Tuscan art, music and wine: Expect plenty of delicious cuisine and wine at the Tuscan Sun Festival, where the region's musicians, artists and chefs gather for one week in June.
16th-century football: Watch a match like no other in June, when Florentines compete in a Renaissance game combining football, rugby and wrestling in 16th-century costume.
Renaissance tradition: See Florence in a new light in September, as young and old take part in the Festival of Paper Lanterns with a parade through the streets and along the Arno.
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